Mfula Marula Oil

Product Overview

Product Name:  Mfula Marula Oil

INCI: Sclerocarya Birrea (Marula) Seed Oil

Product Variants:  Unrefined Oil & Refined Oil

CAS:  68956-68-3

EINECS:  273-313-5

Packaging:  23.5kg net steel drums

Country of Manufacture:  Germany

Areas of Sourcing:  Zimbabwe, Namibia, South Africa

Botanical and Traditional Context

Marula trees are widely distributed throughout the semi-arid savannahs of eastern and southern Africa. Pollination of the tree’s delightful flowers produces one of Africa’s botanical gems – the marula fruit, which ripens from January until April.

The size of golf-balls, ripe marula fruit consists of an exotic tasting juicy white pulp, which is used to produce alcoholic beverages. Enclosed within the pulp is a tightly-held brown-coloured nut, which consists of 2-3 fragile, yet prized marula kernels.

In southern Africa, marula oil has been used as an emollient for babies, and in body lotions for face, feet and hands to address dry and/or cracking skin.

The word ‘mfula’ means to extract natural radiance in the African language of Chichewa.

Application, Properties & Efficacy

Mfula Marula Oil provides versatile care for a wide application of body- and hair-care products.

As a multi-purpose emollient, the oil consists of a light and silky feel that leave a luxurious impression on the skin. The oil’s rapid absorption supports strong all-round moisture retention, skin hydration and cleansing.

Providing anti-oxidant protection, Mfula Marula Oil reduces DNA damage and protects against free radicals, while the high level of oleic (omega-9) fatty acid content enables for a relatively long shelf life. Exceptionally high levels of β-sitosterol and Δ5-avenasterol provide robust anti-inflammatory action, reduce skin redness and alleviate irritation, whilst complimenting sensitive skin.

Due to a similar lipid and antioxidant profile, Mfula Marula Oil can be considered as an alternative to sweet almond and olive oils.

Clinical efficacy and safety studies* demonstrates that marula oil is non-irritant (p < 0.001), contains moisturising and hydrating properties (p < 0.001) when applied to lipid-dry (xerosis) skin, and has occlusive effects (p < 0.001) when applied to normal skin. These findings may be linked to the absorption of the oil into the skin, due to the high percentage of oleic and presence of palmitic acids, which are known to disturb the stratum corneum intercellular lipids. These fatty acids are similar to those present in the epidermis, and can be considered biomimetic.

* “Safety and efficacy of Sclerocarya birrea (A.Rich.) Hochst (Marula) oil: A clinical perspective”, Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 176, 24 December 2015, Pages 327–335 Baa7le Komanea, Ilze Vermaaka, Beverley Summers, Alvaro Viljoen

Physiochemical Characteristics (from Production)

PropertyUnrefinedRefined
Physical state at 20ºCPale – golden yellow colour, liquid form, with characteristic odour.Clear – pale yellow colour, liquid form, with no-low odour.
Acid Value (mg KOH/g)0.0 – 10.00.0 – 6.0
Peroxide Value (mEq O₂/kg)0.0 – 7.00.0 – 2.0
Saponification Value (mg KOH/kg)188 – 200188 – 200
Unsaponifiable Matter (%)0.0 – 2.00.0 – 2.0
Iodine Value (g/100g)70 – 8070 – 80
Moisture (%)0.0 – 1.00.0 – 1.0
Key Fatty Acid Profile (%)
16:0 Palmitic acid:
18:0 Stearic acid:
18:1 Oleic acid:
18:2 Linoleic acid:
20:0 Arachidic acid:
20:1 Eicosenoic acid:
6.0 – 15.0
5.0 – 15.0
70.0 – 80.0
3.0 – 10.0
0.0 – 2.0
0.0 – 1.0
6.0 – 15.0
5.0 – 15.0
70.0 – 80.0
3.0 – 10.0
0.0 – 2.0
0.0 – 1.0
Solubility:Soluble in cosmetics esters and vegetable oils; insoluble in water.Soluble in cosmetics esters and vegetable oils; insoluble in water.
Shelf Life (in closed containers as per storage conditions below):24 months30 Months

Formulation and Usage

The following are example formulations where our customers have used Mfula Marula oil (unrefined or refined):

CategoryForm% Usage (Up to)
SoapsHand soap bars, liquid soap40
Bath additivesBath wash, after bath/moisturising oil30/100
Facial skin careCleansing gel, facial serum, makeup primer30
Hand & body careMoisturising cream, hydration lotion, body massage25/100
Hair careShampoo, conditioner, scalp mask, leave-in-lotion20
Lip careLip balm, lip repair cream, lipstick15

Please contact us to obtain further product information or request a sample.